Red Deer County employs a hands-on approach to weed management within the County, through various Weed Inspection and Weed Control programs. By using multiple control methods such as mechanical mowing, hand-pulling, herbicide application, seeding, and weed inspections, as well as actively involving landowners and maintaining weed management records, the County can limit the spread of invasive weeds in an efficient and proactive way.
Under the Weed Control Act and Regulations, noxious and restricted (prohibited noxious) weeds must be controlled or eradicated. All public and private landowners, including the County, have an obligation to prevent the growth, propagation and spread of these weeds.
Prohibited Noxious - These restricted weeds pose a serious threat to agriculture and the environment and as such, must be eradicated. These weeds are capable of very rapid spread, are extremely competitive and can quickly destroy native
vegetation and crops.
Noxious - These weeds are highly invasive and can pose a significant threat to
agriculture and the environment. They can quickly out compete native
vegetation and crops. Many noxious weeds are also toxic to domestic animals
and wildlife. Noxious weeds must be controlled.
Additionally, municipalities may locally elevate a weed of concern to prohibited-noxious or noxious status.
Some of the prohibited-noxious and noxious weeds most likely to be found in Red Deer County include:
|Locally Elevated to Noxious:|
Red Deer County actively works to detect and control invasive weeds in the County and to educate residents on control measures. Some of the ways we do this include:
|Weed Inspectors||Each summer, Red Deer County appoints four Weed Inspectors who conduct weed inspections and investigate complaints, while increasing awareness of invasive weed species and weed management in the County. Each Weed Inspector is responsible for a different section of the County.|
Weed inspectors have the ability to enter onto land at a reasonable time to monitor compliance with the Weed Control Act. It is an offense to willfully obstruct or delay them while they are exercising their duties. Weed Inspectors are looking for noxious or prohibited noxious weeds as defined in the Weed Control Regulations.The goal is to create awareness about weed concerns and educate residents on why these weeds are of concern.
|Weed Reports||If and when a Weed Inspector finds noxious or prohibited-noxious weeds on a property, they will inform the landowner through a variety of ways; in person, with a door-hanger, a copy of the weed report, or by phone, and also provide guidance and information to control the issue. Weed Inspectors document the inspection results with a formal Weed Report, which details all inspections on the property as well as attempts to contact the landowner, and any subsequent actions taken.|
The intention of a Weed Report is to communicate the issue with the landowner, and initiate a weed control plan with the landowner.
|Weed Notices||If a landowner is not willing to work with the Weed Inspector and fails to comply with their request to control Prohibited Noxious or Noxious Weeds, they will receive a Weed Notice; a legal document notifying the landowner of a weed infestation and setting a firm deadline for control.|
If the County has to act to control the weed infestation, the cost of weed control action will be billed to the landowner.
Note: if a Weed Inspector finds a weed classified under the Prohibited Noxious (restricted) category in the Weed Control Regulations, a weed notice has to be issued under the Weed Control Act.
|Inter-Municipal Weed Inspections||In a partnership that began in 2010, Red Deer County contracts weed inspection services to the Towns of Innisfail and Sylvan Lake.|
The intent of this program is to address urban weed concerns before they can spread to surrounding agricultural lands.
|Seed Cleaning Plant Inspections||Under Weed Control Act, a seed processing facility that performs custom cleaning is subject to an annual inspection process. Red Deer County Agriculture Services inspects and licenses any permanent, such as the Innisfail Municipal Seed Cleaning Plant, or portable seed cleaning facilities that are based within the County.|
Weed control is a very important focus for Red Deer County. Through various programs, we provide comprehensive weed control in the County to ensure invasive weeds do not negatively impact agricultural production. These programs include:
|Roadside Weed Control||The Roadside Weed Control Program controls undesirable weeds and brush in ditches throughout Red Deer County. The program ensures that vegetation in all county ditches is controlled through herbicide applications, mowing, hand-picking, and competition by ensuring bare areas are seeded to grasses.|
The goal of this program is to control vegetation and reduce the spread of weeds, and also to improve sight-lines and reduce snow drifting in the wintertime, especially near intersections.
3,100 kilometers of roadside weed control is completed by Agricultural Services staff each year.
|Vegetation Agreements||No Spray Agreements allow a landowner to opt out of Red Deer County's Roadside Weed Control Program on ditches immediately adjacent to their land.|
No spray agreements are generally for landowners within the county that are organic producers, operate greenhouses or raise other sensitive crops.
When a no spray agreement is completed the landowner agrees to control all prohibited and noxious weeds and brush in the agreement areas.
|Shoreline Weed Control||The Shoreline Weed Control Program is run collaboratively between Red Deer County, Lacombe County, Stettler County and Alberta Environment.|
Agricultural Services personnel travel onto the river systems to control weeds in the sensitive areas along the riverbanks. This labor intensive program has greatly reduced the spread of Scentless Chamomile and Common Tansy as well as many other potentially detrimental weeds.
|Fence Line Weed Control||The Fence Line Weed Control Program focus is brush and weed control along resident fence lines adjacent to County right-of-ways.|
Red Deer County can apply a selective herbicide to landowner fence lines to control brush and Prohibited Noxious and/or Noxious weeds. This work can be done at any time in the summer, or when crops are down in the fall; a service agreement is required.
As of August 2018, this program is FREE for County landowners. (previous fee:$100 per half-mile)
|Eradicable Weeds Program||The Eradicable Weeds Program is a low to no-cost program which focuses on proactively addressing Prohibited-Noxious weeds on private land.|
Under this program and with the cooperation of the landowner, Agriculture Services can undertake control measures as soon as possible upon a report of a prohibited-noxious weed infestation.
Herbicide costs are covered by the landowner and the County covers labour and disposal costs. A signed service agreement is required.
If you think you have a prohibited-noxious weed concern and are interested in the Eradicable Weeds Program, please contact Agricultural Services.